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Artificial intelligence, Tango leads the revolution

The challenge is to develop a new generation of artificial intelligence, capable of respecting people's freedom of choice and sharing their values ​​and orientation. That it is no longer perceived as a threat, but as an opportunity and as a support tool for decisions to be made. In short, a machine that works in synergy with men and women without replacing them, but enhancing their capabilities.

Among the research groups that have put themselves on the line to win this challenge is the Tango project consortium, which has 21 partners including universities, research centers and companies from nine European countries, coordinated by the University of Trento, a consortium involving the University of Pisa, the Scuola Normale and the Institute of Information Sciences and Technologies (Isti) of the Cnr. The Tango project, selected in recent days by the European Commission to be funded in the Horizon Europe program and starting next autumn, aims to strengthen Europe's leadership in "human-centric AI" or in artificial intelligence systems that put the person at the centre.

The transition to this new generation of artificial intelligence requires a revolution in approach, to rethink both the theoretical foundations and the computational approaches. And that's why the 21 Tango consortium partners have joined forces.

“It takes two to tango. Our perspective is that a deep mutual understanding between human and machine is essential for the development of truly effective and innovative AI systems capable of expanding people's reasoning and decision-making capabilities,” says project coordinator Andrea Passerini, professor at the Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science of the University of Trento.

The Tango team argues that, in order to take advantage of the potential of artificial intelligence to improve decision-making processes in high-risk scenarios, it is necessary to rethink the way in which systems are conceived from the theoretical foundations. People should be able to overcome mistrust and trust the suggestions of systems capable of understanding their needs and guaranteeing real support in the decisions to be taken. In a sort of symbiosis between person and machine.

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“To achieve this symbiosis, the University of Pisa, in close collaboration with researchers from the Scuola Normale Superiore coordinated by Fosca Giannotti, and from the Cnr-Isti coordinated by Salvatore Rinzivillo, will work on the study and development of algorithms and systems, also aware of their limits, which could be overcome thanks to the synergistic cooperation with the human being. This synergistic collaboration will be made possible through models that allow humans to understand the behavior and decisions suggested by the machine.” says Prof. Anna Monreale who coordinates the team of the Computer Science Department of the University of Pisa.

The impact on people and society of the new model developed by Tango will be evaluated on some real life cases. From the hospital environment with applications dedicated to women during pregnancy and after childbirth to surgical teams in the decisions to be taken throughout the pre-, intra- and post-operative procedure. To the banking sector, with services for people who operate in the loan and credit system. To the sphere of public policies and, in particular, of those involved in planning incentives and allocating funds. The eventual success of these case studies will foster the adoption of Tango as a framework for the development of a new generation of synergistic AI systems and strengthen Europe's leadership in human-centric AI.

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